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Exhibitions and Events

'Constructing Gender' explores origins of U-M's Union and League

By Dave Lawrence

Micheal Daughetry

The University of Michigan Museum of Art presents a special exhibition organized in celebration of the University of Michigan’s bicentennial in 2017 focused on the origins of the iconic Michigan Union and Michigan League.

“Constructing Gender: The Origins of Michigan’s Union and League” illuminates the architecture and bustling student life of these iconic buildings using original drawings, renderings, photographs, color studies, and even dance cards from the Bentley Historical Library, which serves as the U-M archives. These fascinating documents reveal how the buildings were conceived, constructed and first occupied by students and alumni.

Since they officially opened in 1919 and 1929, respectively, the Union and League have been destinations for generations of Wolverines, yet few know the rich history of the buildings’ origins or about the architects who brought them both to life: brothers and U-M alums Irving and Allen Pond.

Guest curated by Nancy Bartlett, associate director of the Bentley Historical Library, the exhibition reveals how the Ponds meticulously conceived and constructed the two club houses—one for men, one for women—by weaving ideas about gender and society into the very fabric of the buildings themselves.

James McBurney. Young American Womanhood, 1929, black-and-white photographic reproduction. Courtesy of Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan

“The Union and the League were as central to the student experience then as Michigan Stadium is today,” Bartlett said. “By knowing that these buildings were designed by the same architects, one can look more closely at their similarities and their differences. By knowing that women were not allowed to enter the front of the Union until 1956, one can ask larger questions of inclusion and exclusion.”

University architect Doug Hanna says that the Union and League have held up well over time because of the quality construction materials used, and remain flexible spaces for changing needs.

“They are stately spaces that continue to function just fine,” he said.

Because of lower labor costs in the early 1900s, Hanna says the university was able to afford elaborate detail work in the Union and League—such as terrazzo floors and wood paneling—that often makes updates to the buildings harder to accomplish in modern times, and on modern budgets.

The Pond brothers used those design details to map out the separate uses for each building, Bartlett says.

“They aimed for buildings that were not only functional but also inspirational,” she said. “What may seem alien today are the architects’ intentional distinctions of highly gendered uses of the Union and the League.”

Color sketch, Billiard Room, Michigan Union, date unknown, colored pencil on paper. Courtesy of Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan

The exhibition is free and open to the public from January 28–May 7, 2017. The University of Michigan Museum of Art is located at 525 S. State St. in Ann Arbor, and is open 11 a.m-5 p.m Tuesday–Saturday, and 12 p.m–5 p.m on Sunday. Lead support for the exhibition provided by the Herbert W. and Susan L. Johe Endowment

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